حُجيَّة الشعر واهميتّه في تثبيت اصول النحو


  • salmashahida


Poem is a major part of listening, listening is defined as what was proved to be fluent from Quraan, Sunna and Arab speech before his prophecy and after it.

Listening is one of the three origin to Arabic language, which are: listening, comparing and agreement.

Listening can be divided in two: recurrence and singularity.

Searchers would travel to learn the language from Bedouin whose language didn't change.

Grammerists gave a pass to poets to ignore grammers in poems, this became a discussion point.

There was those who agreed to it, but with it came the change in language.

Others has disagreed to preserve the language from alterations.

Qasim bin Ata had the best opinion, as he disagreed to give poems its own rules, but to go out of rules only when necessary.

Poem is a major part in Arab's life after Quraan and Sunna, as it's used to describe their lives, it was also used to understand the Quraan and its vocabulary.

The rules that were put for using poems are the same rules used for taking language from Bedouin, they are: the Time as the poem used is only up to 2nd century AH in cities and 4th century AH in Bedouin life.

Second rule is the Place, as poem and language are taken from tribes living in the middle of Arabia, not from its borders or city locals as they had lived with others and their language may have been altered.

But this rule was not that appreciated as some locals have better fluency than those they used to take fluency from. Quraish was fluent but they weren't included by Farabi due to living in city and mixing with others.

Third rules is to know the Teller, to know the origins of the talk and preserve the language.




How to Cite

salmashahida. 2023. “حُجيَّة الشعر واهميتّه في تثبيت اصول النحو”. AL-ĪQĀẒ (الإيقاظ) 3 (04):1-15. https://www.aleeqaz.org/index.php/aleeqaz/article/view/198.



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