The Role of the Office of Governorship under the Holy Prophet () and the Orthodox Caliphs
Keywords:Wali (Governor), Pious Caliphate, Umayyad, Al Mawardi Theory
This research was focused on the role of the governors and their comparative analysis during the first two significant phases in the Islamic polity; the Prophetic period combined with the pious caliphatic period. Being purely an historical theme, both analytical as well as descriptive methods have been followed. The literature of this research paper which has been scrutinized for this study contained its origin, different dimensions, transformations, functioning, importance and other paradigms. The office of governorship was the centerpiece of the system. Its significance and need increased manifold with the transformation of initially tiny state into a great-civilized system of governance. The function of governor, therefore, changed in many ways according to the new and novel political, religious, cultural, and economic dynamics of the time. Throughout the era of the Holy Prophet (r) and orthodox caliphs (t) efforts were made to streamline, systematize and regulate the administrative infrastructure of the newly established Islamic Polity.
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